Technology Terms and Acronyms

2D Two Dimensional
3D Three Dimensional
3PF Third Party Fulfillment
3PLs Third Party Logistics
AAFES Army Air Force Exchange Service
ACH Automated Clearing House
ADL Advanced Distributed Learning
AFPA American Forest and Paper Association
AHMA American Hardware Manufacturers Association
AI Application Identifier
AIDC Automatic Identification and Data Capture/Collection
AIM American Institute of Management
AN Alphanumeric
ANSI American National Standards Institute
API Application Programming Interfaces
APS Advanced Planning and Scheduling
ARTS Association for Retail Technology Standards
AS2 Applicability Statement 2
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASC X12 Accredited Standards Committee X12
ASI Applicability Statement I
ASN Advance Ship Notice
ASP Application Service Provider
B2B Business-to-Business
B2Bi Business-to-Business Integration
B2C Business-to-Consumer
B2G Business-to-Government
BAG Business Action Group
BHMA Builders Hardware Manufacturers Association
BHR Bar Height Reduction
BMS Business Message Standard
BOL Bill of Lading
BRD Business Requirement Document
BRG Business Requirement Group
BRW Business Requirement Worksheet
BWR Bar Width Reduction
CAD Computer Aided Design
CASE Computer-Aided Software Engineering
CC Compliance Checks
CCD Charge Couple Device
CG Consumer Goods
CI Catalogue Item
CIC Catalogue Item Confirmation
CIN Catalogue Item Notification
CIP Catalogue Item Publication
CM Category Management
CPC Collaborative Product Commerce
CPFR Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment®
CRM Customer Relationship Management
CRP Continuous Replenishment
CS Candidate Specification
CTI Corporate Technical Infrastructure
CTM Collaborative Transportation Management
DC Distribution Center
DEX Direct Exchange
DEX/UCS Direct Exchange UCS
DMA Direct Marketing Association
DOM Document Object Model
DSD Direct Store Delivery
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DTD Document Type Definition
DTM Digital Transportation Marketplace
DVE Data Validation Engine
EAI Enterprise Application Integration
EAN European Article Number
EAN MO EAN Member Organization
EAS Electronic Article Surveillance
EBPP Electronic Bill Payment and Presentment
ebTWG eBusiness Transition Ad-Hoc Working Group
ebXML Electronic Business Extensible Markup Language
EC Electronic Commerce
ECC Error Checking and Correcting
ECCC Electronic Commerce Council of Canada
ecGIF Electronic Commerce Global Implementation Forum
ECM Enterprise Content Management
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
EDIINT EDI Over the Internet
EDMS Enterprise Document Management Systems
EFT Electronic Funds Transfer
EIM Enterprise Integration Modeling
EJB Enterprise Java Beans
EPC Electronic Product Code
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
ERS Evaluated Receipts Settlement
FEDI Financial Electronic Data Interchange
FNCI Function I Character
FTL Full Truck Load
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GBM General Business Model
GCI Global Commerce Initiative
GDD Global Data Dictionary
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GDSN Global Data Synchronization Network
GIAI Global Individual Asset Identifier
GLN Global Location Number
GMA Grocery Manufacturers of America
GPC Global Product Classification
GPS Global Positioning Satellite
GRAI Global Returnable Asset Identifier
GSMP Global Standards Management Process
GSRN Global Service Relation Number
GTIN Global Trade Item Number
GUI Graphical User Interface
HAG Hardware Action Group
HCI Home Center Institute
HRI Human Readable Interpretation
HTI Hand Tools Institute
HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
IBP Internet-Based Procurement
IC Integrated Circuit
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEI Inter-Enterprise Integration
IMRA International Mass Retail Association
IPE Inbound Planning Engine
IPO Initial Public Offering
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISP Internet Service Provider
ISSN International Standard Serial Number
IT Information Technology
ITF Implementation Task Force
ITRG Information Technical Requirement Group
I/C EDI Industrial Commercial EDI
JCL Job Control Language
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
KM Knowledge Management
KPI Key Performance Indicators
LAC Local Assigned Code
LAN Local Area Network
LEAP Leading Edge Advanced Procurement
LGMDA Lawn & Garden Marketing and Distribution Association
LLP Lead Logistics Provider
LOC Line of Code
LTL Less-Than-Truckload
MDN Message Disposition Notification
MES Manufacturing Execution System
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
MRO Maintenance Repair and Office
MRP Material Requirements Planning
MSP Marketplace Service Provider
MTO Make-To-Order
NABMDA North American Building Material Distribution Association
NAWLA North American Wholesale Lumber Association
NKBA National Kitchen & Bath Association
NLBMDA National Lumber & Building Material Dealers Association
NPD New Product Development
NRF National Retail Federation
NSF National Sanitary Foundation
NTE National Transportation Exchange
NTGA National Tabletop & Gift Association
NRHA North American Retail Hardware Association
OASIS Organizations for the Advancement of Structure Information Standards
OCR Optical Character Recognition
ODBMS Open Database Merchandising System
ODC Origin-Distributor Center
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OIT Optical Image Technology
OLAP On-Line Analytical Processing
OMS Order Management System
ONS Object Name Service
OPEI Outdoor Power Equipment Institute
ORMS Operating Resource Management System
OTC Over The Counter
OTP One-Time Programmable
OVE Order Visibility Exchange
P3P Platform for Privacy Preferences Project
PAM Plant Asset Management
PAN Personal Area Network
PDA Personal Data Assistant
PDF Portable Data File
PDT Portable Data Terminal
PI Processing Instructions
PIPs Partner Interface Processes
PKI Public Key Infrastructure
PLU Price Look Up
PML Physical Markup Language
PO Purchase Order
POC Proof-of-Concept
POP Post Office Protocol
POS Point-of-Sale
PRM Partner Relationship Management
PTRG Physical Technical Requirement Group
RAD Rapid Application Development
RAM Random Access Memory
RCI Registry Catalogue Item
RCIR Registry Catalogue Item Registry
REDX Retail Enterprise Data in XML
RF Radio Frequency
RFDC Radio Frequency Data Communications
RFID Radio Frequency Identification
RFP Request for Proposal
RFQ Request for Quote
RIP Raster Image Processing
RLO Reusable Learning Object
RMA Return Materials Authorization
RNIF RosettaNet Implementation Framework
ROI Return On Investment
RPC Remote Procedure Call
RSS® Reduced Space Symbology®
RTLS Real Time Location System
RZSC Retailer Zero-Suppression Code
SAG Software Action Group
SAX Simple API XML
SCE Supply Chain Execution
SCM Supply Chain Management
SCORM Sharable Content Object Reference Model
SCM Supply Chain Management
SCP Supply Chain Planning
SDM Sourcing and Demand Management
SET Secure Electronic Transaction
SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language
SKU Stock Keeping Unit
SMEs Small to Mid-Sized Enterprises
SMI Supplier Managed Inventory
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol
SQL Structured Query Language
SRM Supplier Relationship Management
SRP Scan Reflectance Profile
SSCC Serial Shipping Container Code
SSL Secure Socket Layer
SWE Supply Web Exchange
TCP/IP Transmission (Transport) Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TIFF Tagged-Image File Format
TL Truckload
TMS Transportation Management System
TPSA Trading Partner Service Agreement
UCC® Uniform Code Council, Inc.®
UCS Uniform Communication Standard
UDDI Universal Description, Discovery and Integration
UML Unified Modeling Language
UNSPSC® United Nations Standard Products & Services Classification
UN/CEFACT United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business
UPC Universal Product Code
UPN Universal Product Number
UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply
URI Uniform Resource Identifier
URL Uniform Resource Locator
USOC United States Olympic Committee
USPS United States Postal Service
VAB Value Added Bank
VAN Value Added Network
VAR Value Added Reseller
VASP Value Added Electronic Commerce Service Provided
VICS Voluntary Inter-Industry Commerce Standards
VMI Vendor Managed Inventory
VOIP Voice Over Internet Protocol
VPN Virtual Private Network
VTE Vendor Trading Exchange
VTS Virtual Tradeshow
W3C World Wide Web Consortium
WAN Wide Area Network
WAP Wireless Application Protocol
WAP Wireless Application Provider
WMS Warehouse Management System
WWRE Worldwide Retail Exchange
XRG X12 Requirements Group
XSD XML Schema
XML Extensible Markup Language
XSL Extensible Stylesheet Language
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